Natural gas is the second most heavily consumed energy source in the United States. Globally, the U.S. is the largest producer of natural gas, extracting nearly 750 billion cubic meters of natural gas.
Gas turbines, also called combustion turbines, are essential machines for the global natural gas sector.
These machines are used to power aircrafts, trains, ship’s gas compressors, electrical generators, pumps, tanks, and so much more. Borescope inspection services are crucial in order for gas turbines to remain operational.
Here is the timeline of development of gas turbines:
- 50: — Demonstrating an important principle of physics that all modern turbine engines rely on, the earliest records of Hero’s engine debuted.
- 1629 — The Chimney Jack was drawn by Leonardo Da Vinci, featuring hot air from a fire rises through a single-stage axial turbine rotor mounted in the exhaust duct of the fireplace and turning the roasting spit by gear-chain connection.
- 1678 — Ferdinand Verbiest constructed a model carriage relying on steam jets for power.
- 1861 — A British patent was granted for “Caloric engine,” showing gas turbines powering locomotives.
- 1894 — Sir Charles Parsons patented the idea of powering a ship with steam turbines and constructed a demonstration vessel, the Turbinia.
- 1906 — The Armengaud-Lemale turbine engine in France was constructed equipped with a water-cooled combustion chamber.
- 1913 — Nikola Tesla patented the Tesla turbine based on the boundary layer effect.
- 1920s — The practical theory of gas flow through passages was developed into the more formal theory of gas flow past airfoils resulting in the publishing of An Aerodynamic Theory of Turbine Design.
- 1939 — First 4 MW utility power generation turbine from BBC Brown, Boveri, and Cie for an emergency power station in Neuchatel, Switzerland.
- 1995 — Siemens is the first manufacturer of large electricity producing gas engines to incorporate single crystal turbine blade technology into their production models, allowing higher operating temperatures and greater efficiency.
- 2011 — Mitsubishi Heavy Industries tests the first 60% efficiency gas turbine (the M501J) in Takasago, Hyogo.
If you want to learn more about turbines and the importance of borescope inspections, give Advanced Turbine Support a call today!